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), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Antipater (also known as Antipas), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. The great outer court, 35 acres (14 hectares) in extent, is still visible as Al-Ḥaram al-Sharīf. Antipater was from Edom. Antipater II c. 46 – 4 BCE Father: Herod the Great Mother: Doris Siblings: (see Herod the Great) Marriages and children: Mariamne III — Phasael IV Unnamed daughter of AnCgonus the Hasmonean Josephus: marry his brother Antipas.JW 1.561 Exiled c. 40 CE upon his mother’s divorce. According to Josephus (Ant. In his own kingdom he could not give full rein to his love of magnificence, for fear of offending the Pharisees, the leading faction of Judaism, with whom he was always in conflict because they regarded him as a foreigner. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. According to Josephus (Ant. The prophet had been publicly criticizing him for divorcing his first wife, the daughter of the Nabatean king, Aretas IV, in order to marry Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I3 (Mt 14:1-5; Josephus Antiquities 18.5.1). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In this conflict, the Roman general Pompey intervened in Hyrcanus' favor. See Antipater (disambiguation) for other people of this name. Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. Yet Antipater schemed to kill his father. The New Testament portrays him as a tyrant, into whose kingdom Jesus of Nazareth was born. Tag: Herod son of Antipater Alexandra Queen Mother of Mariamne the Virgin. Herod was born 73 BCE as the son of a man from Idumea named Antipater and a woman named Cyprus, the daughter of an Arab sheik. Chr.) Corrections? His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce). After the death of his father Antipater, Herod the Great (still governor of Galilee) established a close relationship with Mark Antony—one of the renowned ringleaders of Julius Caesar’s assassination. Herod made his political debut in the same year, when his father appointed him governor of Galilee. Herod was born in southern Palestine. Herod the Great was king of Judaea from 37 BCE to 4 BCE, appointed by the Roman Empire after its Senate equipped him with an army to fight off a Parthian invasion. In the 1881 Library of Universal Knowledge, vol, #1 of 15, p. 531, it states in part: “ ANTIPATER: Of the many persons who bore this name in antiquity, the most celebrated was one of the generals and confidential friends of king Philip of Macedon. To further solidify his power, he divorced his first wife, Doris, sent her and his son away from court, and married Mariamne, a Hasmonean princess. He twice increased Herod’s territory, in the years 22 and 20 bce, so that it came to include not only Palestine but parts of what are now the kingdom of Jordan to the east of the river and southern Lebanon and Syria. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Also Known As: "son of Costobarus & Salome" Birthdate: estimated between 52BCE and 4BCE : Death: Immediate Family: Son of Costobarus, Governor of Idumea & Gaza and Salome Husband of Cypros ., Princess of Judaea Father of Saulos Thaddeus Alexander Herod . ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… In 47 B.C.E., when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E.) Having favored the winning side in the conflict, Antipater's star rose, especially since he cooperated with the Romans as much … His cause of death is debated, but it is known that he was in both mental and physical disorder in his final years and that he suffered from arteriosclerosis. Josephus also describes the beheading o… Herod’s mother was the daughter of a noble from Petra, the centre of a rising Nabataean polity. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. Cherchez des exemples de traductions Antipater dans des phrases, écoutez à la prononciation et apprenez la grammaire. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. Antipater II (ca. His mental instability, moreover, was fed by the intrigue and deception that went on within his own family. But for fickle fortune, Herod Antipas’s annual Advent vilifications might belong instead to Antipater, who was put to death around this time in 4 BCE by command of his dying father Herod the Great.. Named for his grandfather who founded the Herodian dynasty, Antipater was Herod the Great’s first-born son and for most of the decade preceding his death had been in Herod’s succession plans. Antipater's son Herod was about 26 years of age at this time and his father made him governor of Galilee. When Herod heard about it he recalled Antipater from Rome to try him. Father: Antipater He had intended to bestow the Nabataean kingdom on Herod as well, but, by the time that throne fell vacant, Herod’s mental and physical deterioration made it impossible. Hérode Antipas II, ou Hérode Antipater, en hébreu הורדוס אנטיפס, en grec ancien Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, « Hêrôdês Antipatros » (21 av. His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. Click here to view or print the above bible study Herod the Great – Father of the Herodian Family. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern…. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite. , when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E. ) Herod the Great died of natural causes in 4 BCE. His most grandiose creation was the Temple, which he wholly rebuilt. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … Antipater was from Edom. Antipater and his son, Herod, both became friends with Mark Antony during this time. After Antony’s final defeat at Actium in 31 bce, he frankly confessed to the victorious Octavian which side he had taken. Antipater (ca. Antipater (ca. One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ... 15:15–24). was appointed procurator of Judea. Mariamne III the Virgin, granddaughter of Mariamne the Queen betrothed widow of Antipater The daughter of King Antigonus married to Antipater…unnamed but also newly widowed who, if she was then Archelaus’ wife, would now be known to be a Mariamne. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. Antipater (399-319): supreme commander of the Macedonian forces in Europe during the eastern campaign of Alexander the Great, later regent for Alexander's mentally unstable brother Philip III Arridaeus. He retained this position even when Alexander and Aristobulus(Herod's sons by Mariamne) rose i… During the conflict between the two triumvirs Octavian and Antony, the heirs to Caesar’s power, Herod supported his friend Antony. -Antipater: Father of Jesus? He also restored to Herod the land Cleopatra had taken. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … In fact, Antipater was a rival to the throne. 46 BC – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. But for fickle fortune, Herod Antipas’s annual Advent vilifications might belong instead to Antipater, who was put to death around this time in 4 BCE by command of his dying father Herod the Great.. Named for his grandfather who founded the Herodian dynasty, Antipater was Herod the Great’s first-born son and for most of the decade preceding his death had been in Herod’s succession plans. A Young Herod…this photo of a statue of Herod was found in a Jerusalem dig. – 4 v. Herod’s Father, Antipater laid the foundations for his Son’s future. Author Joseph Raymond supports this hypothesis as a fact. In 47 B.C.E. Antipater married … He also embellished foreign cities—Beirut, Damascus, Antioch, Rhodes—and many towns. The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. Herod’s father, Antipater, owed his early power to his Nabataean connections and sponsorship by the Pharisees, a Jewish religious group composed of laymen and scribes who emerged as a distinct party after the Maccabean revolt of 165-160 BC. Herod, born in southern Palestine, was the son of Antipater, an Edomite whom Julius Caesar later appointed procurator of Judaea. By registering for an account, you agree to Faithlife’s, The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, A family of distinguished Idumean nobility that was converted to Judaism during the Hasmonean period and rose to prominence during the reign of Alexandra Salome. Herod was an Edomite of Arab descent. Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. Herod the Great. He backed Pompey’s conquering of Israel in 63 BC. (first century C.E. Six years later Mark Antony made him tetrarch of Galilee. Antipater was killed by his father five days before Herod's own death according to Josephus. by ... Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. Some time later, we read of the infamous event. Herod patronized the Olympic Games, whose president he became. In the end Herod murdered Mariamne, her two sons, her brother, her grandfather, and her mother, a woman of the vilest stamp who had often aided his sister Salome’s schemes. The father of Herod the Great. Herod was made the Governor of Galilee before his father was assassinated in 43 BCE. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. 2. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his … He was convicted of high treason and Herod sent a request to Caesar to have him executed. His final testament provided that, subject to Augustus’s sanction, his realm would be divided among his sons: Archelaus should be king of Judaea and Samaria, with Philip and Antipas sharing the remainder as tetrarchs. Herod's grandfather and father held prominent political offices in Judea and established close relations with the Romans, the unquestioned world power during that time. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Named in honour of his … When he mistakenly thought that Herod had died, he evidenced great joy. Herod. Antipater continued to court Roman support wisely, cannily siding with Julius Caesar rather than his old ally, Pompey, during the Roman civil wars. He served as a soldier and diplomat under the kings Perdiccas III (365-360) and Philip II (360-336) and seems to have developed a personal interest in the education of the latter's crown prince Alexander. And while there’s a lot of intrigue in Antipater’s story, we’ll just hit the high points so we can get on with the Herods. His kingdom comprised Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Idumea, Batanea, and Peraea, which was approximately the same size as the kingdom of David and Solomon. But then, with Antipater back at court and his mother Doris “back in Mariamne’s bed” and with the re-betrothals more in his favor, Antipater, along with just about everybody at court, now turned their attention to getting rid of his aging father. Your Faithlife account signs you in to all our sites. He had 14 children. He was in great pain and in mental and physical disorder. His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. Antipater. Recalled in 29 BCE. Historically, Antipater III was the eldest son of Herod the Great by his first wife Doris. According to Graves, a pregnant Mary is compelled to pretend to marry an old, pious carpenter, Joseph, to protect herself and the unborn Jesus.. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. Antipater was an adherent of Hyrcanus, one of two princes who struggling to become king of Judaea. At Herodium in the Judaean desert Herod built a great palace, which archaeologists in 2007 tentatively identified as the site of his tomb. When Pompey (106–48 bce) invaded Palestine in 63 bce, Antipater supported his campaign and began a long association with Rome, from which both he and Herod were to benefit. With Roman help, Herod killed his father's murderer. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. The story starts with Antipater, better known as Antipas, was the daughter of a rising Nabataean polity BC. 399 BCE as the civilization which carved the city of Petra out of and! ( 8 ) Mariamne of Jerusalem, all that remains of the line of by. 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