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infantry regiment meaning

Also known as foot soldiers or infantrymen, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. The modern rifleman infantry became the primary force for taking and holding ground on battlefields worldwide, a vital element of combined arms combat. They also perform other tasks, including land warfare, separate from naval operations. to organize or control (people) very strictly. The opponents for these first formations, the close-combat infantry of more tribal societies, or any military without regular infantry (so called "barbarians") used arms that focused on the individual – weapons using personal strength and force, such as larger swinging swords, axes, and clubs. However, if light cavalry was lacking in an army, any available dragoons might be assigned their duties; this practise increased over time, and dragoons eventually received all the weapons and training as both infantry and cavalry, and could be classified as both. infantry definition: 1. the part of an army that fights on foot: 2. the part of an army that fights on foot: 3…. Helmets were added back during World War I as artillery began to dominate the battlefield, to protect against their fragmentation and other blast effects beyond a direct hit. Units assigned to this job usually have a large number of military police attached to them for control of checkpoints and prisons. It was a part of the 26th Infantry Division and the 43rd Infantry Division. The infantry is often given this assignment because of the physical quantity of strong men within the unit, although it can lessen a unit's morale and limit the unit's ability to maintain readiness and perform other missions. Pikemen armour tended to be just steel helmets and breastplates, and gunners little or no armour. They can operate in a wide range of terrain inaccessible to military vehicles, and can operate with a lower logistical burden. Similar hierarchical organizations have been noted in other ancient armies, typically with approximately 10 to 100 to 1,000 ratios (even where base 10 was not common), similar to modern sections (squads), companies, and regiments.[25]. Most modern infantry have vehicle transport, to the point where infantry being motorised is generally assumed, and the few exceptions might be identified as modern light infantry, or "leg infantry" colloquially. In antiquity, infantry were armed with an early melee weapon such as a spear, axe or sword, or an early ranged weapon like a javelin, sling, or bow, with a few infantrymen having both a melee and a ranged weapon. 1. It was this uncertainty as to its numbers and position that accounted for the man's presence in that lonely spot; he was a young officer of a Federal, Dodik repeated his stance to the EUFOR Commander that 'an initiative to wear the ceremonial uniforms of the RS Army on the Day of the Army of RS, by the Third, support has enabled us to lasting legacy to a unique and British, Lauding the sacrifices rendered by the soldiers of Northern Light, Cohassey, a professional musician and author, traces the experiences of the Michigan 22nd Volunteer, فوج کا وہ دستہ جس کا سپہ سالار کرنل ہوتا ہے. The cost of maintaining an army in fighting order and the seasonal nature of warfare precluded large permanent armies. The introduction of musketeers using bayonets in the mid 17th century began replacement of the pike with the infantry square replacing the pike square.[15]. These APCs can deliver infantrymen through the front lines to the battle and—in the case of infantry fighting vehicles—contribute supporting firepower to engage the enemy. The battalion was previously assigned to the 3rd Brigade Combat Team at Fort Drum, … In mechanised infantry the armoured personnel carrier (APC) is considered the assaulting position. Health, energy, and morale are greatly influenced by how the soldier is fed, so militaries often standardised field rations, starting from hardtack, to US K-rations, to modern MREs. The 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry is assigned as support to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York and to furnish the enlisted garrison for the academy and the Stewart Army Subpost. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples It was an Army National Guard regiment from the states making up New England, but most of its soldiers came from Maine. [6] In modern usage, foot soldiers of any era are now considered infantry and infantrymen.[7]. A unit, such as a regiment, of such soldiers: Company B of the 7th Infantry. The 211th Infantry Regiment is the Regional Training Institute of Florida. Similarly, a shield has decent defence abilities, but is literally hit-or-miss; an attack from an unexpected angle can bypass it completely. While this may allow for a fierce running attack (an initial shock advantage) the tighter formation of the heavy spear and shield infantry gave them a local manpower advantage where several might be able to fight each opponent. Attack operations are the most basic role of the infantry, and along with defence, form the main stances of the infantry on the battlefield. Before the adoption of the chariot to create the first mobile fighting forces c. 2000 BC,[12] all armies were pure infantry. The 211th conducted Annual Training as part of the 51st Infantry Division at Fort McClellan, Alabama from 6 to 23 June 1957. Civilian and military casualties both are usually very high. It is a highly dangerous and demanding combat service; in World War II, military doctors concluded that even physically unwounded soldiers were psychologically worn out after about 200 days of combat. Beyond their main arms and armour, each infantryman's "military kit" includes combat boots, battledress or combat uniform, camping gear, heavy weather gear, survival gear, secondary weapons and ammunition, weapon service and repair kits, health and hygiene items, mess kit, rations, filled water canteen, and all other consumables each infantryman needs for the expected duration of time operating away from their unit's base, plus any special mission-specific equipment. Full-scale attacks and defensive efforts are occasional, but patrols are constant. See more. tries. The available technology, resources, history, and society can produce quite different weapons for each military and era, but common infantry weapons can be distinguished in a few basic categories. Some assignments for infantry units involve deployment behind the front, although patrol and security operations are usually maintained in case of enemy infiltration. The meaning of Inf abbreviation is "Infantry" Learn more. Care must be taken to differentiate innocent civilians who often hide and support the enemy from the non-uniformed armed enemy forces. They may also deploy anti-personnel mines, booby traps, incendiary or explosive devices defensively before combat. The creation of standing armies—permanently assembled for war or defence—saw increase in training and experience. Patrols consist of small groups of infantry moving about in areas of possible enemy activity to locate the enemy and destroy them when found. Infantry units are tasked to protect certain areas like command posts or airbases. Patrols are used not only on the front-lines, but in rear areas where enemy infiltration or insurgencies are possible. Light infantry, such as Greek peltasts, Balearic slingers, and Roman velites, using open formations and greater manoeuvrability, took on most other combat roles: scouting, screening the army on the march, skirmishing to delay, disrupt, or weaken the enemy to prepare for the main forces' battlefield attack, protecting them from flanking manoeuvers, and then afterwards either pursuing the fleeing enemy or covering their army's retreat. As firepower continued to increase, use of infantry lines diminished, until all infantry became light infantry in practice. The terms "infantry", "armour", and "cavalry" used in the official names for military units like divisions, brigades, or regiments might be better understood as a description of their expected balance of defensive, offensive, and mobility roles, rather than just use of vehicles. All of these protective measures add to the weight an infantryman must carry, and may decrease combat efficiency. An example of an infantry is a group of Marine ground forces. The first military forces in history were infantry. In 1967 then Governor of Arizona Jack Williams signed into law that 3 December would be "Bushmaster Day" in the State of Arizona in honor of the regiment's service. [20] Better infantry equipment to support their health, energy, and protect from environmental factors greatly reduces these rates of loss, and increase their level of effective action. This also increased their shock combat effect; individual opponents saw themselves literally lined-up against several heavy infantryman each, with seemingly no chance of defeating all of them. Air force infantry and base defense forces, such as the Royal Air Force Regiment, Royal Australian Air Force Airfield Defence Guards, and Indonesian Air Force Paskhas Corps are used primarily for ground-based defense of air bases and other air force facilities. With armoured warfare, armoured fighting vehicles have replaced the horses of cavalry, and airpower has added a new dimension to ground combat, but infantry remains pivotal to all modern combined arms operations. In the Western world, from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages (c. 8th century BC to 15th century AD), infantry are categorised as either heavy infantry or light infantry. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress. Combat loads of over 36 kg (80 lbs) are standard, and greater loads in excess of 45 kg (100 lbs) are very common. Infantry are the most easily delivered forces to ground combat areas, by simple and reliable marching, or by trucks, sea or air transport; they can also be inserted directly into combat by amphibious landing, or for air assault by parachute (airborne infantry) or helicopter (airmobile infantry). Several of these Egyptian "divisions" made up an army, but operated independently, both on the march and tactically, demonstrating sufficient military command and control organisation for basic battlefield manoeuvres. [citation needed]. Infantrymen are defined by their primary arms – the personal weapons and body armour for their own individual use. "Foot soldier" redirects here. These units may also entice the enemy to engage a located recon unit, thus disclosing their location to be destroyed by more powerful friendly forces. [10] Though the main force of the army, these forces were usually kept small due to their cost of training and upkeep, and might be supplemented by local short-term mass-conscript forces using the older irregular infantry weapons and tactics; this remained a common practice almost up to modern times.[11]. [17] Such heavy infantry burdens have changed little over centuries of warfare; in the late Roman Republic, legionaries were nicknamed Marius' mules as their main activity seemed to be carrying the weight of their legion around on their backs. The branch of an army made up of units trained to fight on foot. They may engage high-profile targets, or be employed to hunt down terrorist cells and insurgents within a given area. Defence operations are the natural counter to attacks, in which the mission is to hold an objective and defeat enemy forces attempting to dislodge the defender. By the time of Napoleonic warfare, infantry, cavalry, and artillery formed a basic triad of ground forces, though infantry usually remained the most numerous. Modern versions include machine guns, anti-tank missiles, and infantry mortars. Heavy infantry developed into huge solid block formations, up to a hundred meters wide and a dozen rows deep. Given that infantry forces typically also have some tanks, and given that most armoured forces have more mechanised infantry units than tank units in their organisation, the distinction between mechanised infantry and armour forces has blurred. However, the unit must be ready for deployment at any point. Such weapons are used when the primary weapon is no longer effective, such it becoming damaged, running out of ammunition, malfunction, or in a change of tactical situation where another weapon is preferred, such as going from ranged to close combat. The 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment is a light infantry battalion assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, garrisoned at Fort Drum, New York. By the start of the Renaissance, the infantry began to return to dominance, with Swiss pikemen and German Landsknechts filling the role of heavy infantry again, using dense formations of pikes to drive off any cavalry. The 158th Infantry Regiment ("Bushmasters") is an infantry unit of the Arizona National Guard. Children in schools are no longer regimented as they used to be. A regiment is a military unit. ... Less than a battalion-equivalent, e.g. A spear has decent attack abilities with the additional advantage keeping opponents at distance; this advantage can be increased by using longer spears, but this could allow the opponent to side-step the point of the spear and close for hand-to-hand combat where the longer spear is near useless. Its role and size varies markedly, depending on the country, service and/or a specialisation. Retention of discipline and cohesion throughout the attack is paramount to success. As firearms improved, armour for ranged defence had to be thicker and stronger. Larger shields can cover more, but are also heavier and less manoeuvrable, making unexpected attacks even more of a problem. Escorting consists of protecting support units from ambush, particularly from hostile infantry forces. Surveillance operations are often carried out with the employment of small recon units or sniper teams which gather information about the enemy, reporting on characteristics such as size, activity, location, unit and equipment. Maintaining the advantages of heavy infantry meant maintaining formation; this became even more important when two forces with heavy infantry met in battle; the solidity of the formation became the deciding factor. Even after, with a few exceptions like the Mongol Empire, infantry has been the largest component of most armies in history. Under Army Regulation 840-10, each regiment and separate table of organization and equipment (TOE) battalion of the U.S. Army is authorized a coat of arms to be displayed on the organization's flag, called the "colors. The objective of pursuit operations is the destruction of withdrawing enemy forces which are not capable of effectively engaging friendly units, before they can build their strength to the point where they are effective. ‘The six Scottish infantry regiments currently have a complement of 2,874 soldiers, which is 386 under strength.’ ‘Without delay he joined a Bavarian infantry regiment and served at the front as a message runner.’ ‘Steele also hopes to persuade young Scots now living in London to think of joining a Scottish regiment.’ Modern militaries are struggling to balance the value of personal body protection versus the weight burden and ability to function under such weight. Towards the end of Middle Ages, this began to change, where more professional and better trained light infantry could be effective against knights, such as the English longbowmen in the Hundred Years' War. Mechanised infantry go beyond motorised, having transport vehicles with combat abilities, armoured personnel carriers (APCs), providing at least some options for combat without leaving their vehicles. organisering, disciplinering, [hård] kontroll, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, US Army Iron Rangers Conduct Spur Ride in Bulgaria, Dodik receives EUFOR Commander in BiH, Major General Dorfer, COAS Bajwa lauds Frontier Force's contributions, sacrifices, Maj Gen Salahuddin new BEPZA executive chairman, The 22nd Michigan Infantry and the Road to Chickamauga, US returns looted Balangiga church bells to Philippines after 117 years, Infantry Manportable Anti-armor Weapon System, Infantry Manportable Assault Weapon System, Infantry Small Arms Weapon Effects Simulator. Regiment, in most armies, a body of troops headed by a colonel and organized for tactical control into companies, battalions, or squadrons. Modern infantrymen now treat the bayonet as a backup weapon, but may also have handguns or pistols. Disease epidemics, frostbite, heat stroke, trench foot, insect and wild animal bites are common along with stress disorders and these have sometimes caused more casualties than enemy action. In all, this can reach 25–45 kg (60–100 lb) for each soldier on the march. Infantry Regiment synonyms, Infantry Regiment pronunciation, Infantry Regiment translation, English dictionary definition of Infantry Regiment. Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. How to use regiment in a sentence. What is the meaning of Inf abbreviation? 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment ⁕A number of battalions e.g. Empires formed around their military. Successful attacks rely on sufficient force, preparative reconnaissance and battlefield preparation with bomb assets. [14], Dense formations are vulnerable to ranged weapons. Therefore, they need the protection of the infantry, particularly when on the move. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress.[1]. [21] The pilum was a javelin of the Roman legionaries threw just before drawing their primary weapon, the gladius (short sword), and closing with the enemy line.[24]. These have become mostly only ceremonial since the decline of close combat military tactics. The 13th Infantry Regiment ("First at Vicksburg") is a United States Army infantry regiment whose battalions are currently tasked as basic training battalions. As with grenadiers, the dragoon and cavalry designations can be retained long after their horses, such as in the Royal Dragoon Guards, Royal Lancers, and King's Royal Hussars. These take more room and individual freedom to swing and wield, necessitating a more loose organisation. The training of the infantry has differed drastically over time and from place to place. The increased use of firearms and the need for drill to handle them efficiently. Pursuit is a role that the infantry often assumes. From the mid-18th century until 1881 the British Army named its infantry as numbered regiments "of Foot" to distinguish them from cavalry and dragoon regiments (see List of Regiments of Foot). Poor climate conditions adds misery to this already demanding existence. [16] Infantry typically have shared equipment on top of this, like tents or heavy weapons, where the carrying burden is spread across several infantrymen. The goal of an attack remains the same: to advance into an enemy-held objective, most frequently a hill, river crossing, city or other dominant terrain feature, and dislodge the enemy, thereby establishing control of the objective. Communications gear has become a necessity, as it allows effective command of infantry units over greater distances, and communication with artillery and other support units. With the development of gunpowder, infantry began converting to primarily firearms. The regiment has served abroad in World War I, World War II and Afghanistan. Patrolling is the most common infantry mission. The introduction of national and mass armies saw an establishment of minimum requirements and the introduction of special troops (first of them the engineers going back to medieval times, but also different kinds of infantry adopted to specific terrain, bicycle, motorcycle, motorised and mechanised troops) culminating with the introduction of highly trained special forces during the first and second World War. [note 1] These names can persist long after the weapon speciality; examples of infantry units that retained such names are the Royal Irish Fusiliers and the Grenadier Guards. 2nd … In modern times, infantrymen must also often carry protective measures against chemical and biological attack, including military gas masks, counter-agents, and protective suits. Additionally, soldiers can be rested and general readiness should improve. While soldiers in other military branches can use their mount or vehicle for carrying equipment, and tend to operate together as crews serving their vehicle or ordnance, infantrymen must operate more independently; each infantryman usually having much more personal equipment to use and carry. [19] Additional specialised equipment may be required, depending on the mission or to the particular terrain or environment, including satchel charges, demolition tools, mines, barbed wire, carried by the infantry or attached specialists. Thus most cavalry transitioned to mounted infantry. The 32nd Infantry Regiment is a battalion within the United States Army. The first warriors, adopting hunting weapons or improvised melee weapons,[9] before the existence of any organised military, likely started essentially as loose groups without any organisation or formation. Infantry have employed many different methods of protection from enemy attacks, including various kinds of armour and other gear, and tactical procedures. [3][4] Infantry can more easily recognise, adapt and respond to local conditions, weather, and changing enemy weapons or tactics. Modern infantry can have GPS, encrypted individual communications equipment, surveillance and night vision equipment, advanced intelligence and other high-tech mission-unique aids. Their headquarters was in Miami. The 103rd Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that served in combat in the American Civil War, World War I, and World War II. Kushite king Taharqa enjoyed military success in the Near East as a result of his efforts to strengthen the army through daily training in long distance running.[26]. The 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment (505th PIR) is one of four infantry regiments of the 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army. a branch of an army composed of such soldiers. What does Regiment mean? The ambushed unit does not know what it is up against, or where they are attacking from. More often, such jobs are given to specialist engineering corps. Some well-equipped mechanised infantry can be designated as armoured infantry. Modern classifications of infantry have expanded to reflect modern equipment and tactics, such as motorised infantry, mechanised or armoured infantry, mountain infantry, marine infantry, and airborne infantry. This can be avoided by having shield-armed soldiers stand close together, side-by-side, each protecting both themselves and their immediate comrades, presenting a solid shield wall to the enemy. Defensive posture offers many advantages to the infantry, including the ability to use terrain and constructed fortifications to advantage; these reduce exposure to enemy fire compared with advancing forces. The 369th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 15th New York National Guard Regiment, was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that saw action in World War I and World War II. This encourages searching for ingenious combinations of effective, rugged, serviceable and adaptable, yet light, compact, and handy infantry equipment. These units can quickly disembark and transition to light infantry, without vehicles, to access terrain which armoured vehicles can't effectively access. Traditionally, infantry have relied on their own legs for mobility, but mechanised or armoured infantry often uses trucks and armoured vehicles for transport. Thus tight formations heightened advantages of heavy arms, and gave greater local numbers in melee. Their arms were no lighter than line infantry; they were distinguished by their skirmish formation and flexible tactics. Attacks are often feared by the infantry conducting them because of the high number of casualties suffered while advancing to close with and destroy the enemy while under enemy fire. Some non-weapon equipment are designed for close combat shock effects, to get and psychological edge before melee, such as battle flags, war drums, brilliant uniforms, fierce body paint or tattoos, and even battle cries. This can be avoided when each spearman stays side by side with the others in close formation, each covering the ones next to him, presenting a solid wall of spears to the enemy that they cannot get around. This gives the ambushing infantrymen the combat advantage of surprise, concealment and superior firing positions, and causes confusion. ‘The infantry battle was finely balanced, both sides fighting bravely hand-to-hand.’ ‘Tanks attacked first with infantry literally in tow as many tanks pulled along infantry soldiers on sledges.’ ‘The force now included around a battalion of infantry as well as a squadron of military engineers.’ Zachary Taylor, later the twelfth President of the United States, was a commander of the unit. Infantry traditionally have been the main force to overrun these units in the past, and in modern combat are used to pursue enemy forces in constricted terrain (urban areas in particular), where faster forces, such as armoured vehicles are incapable of going or would be exposed to ambush. Technological developments allowed the raising of large numbers of light infantry units armed with ranged weapons, without the years of training expected for traditional high-skilled archers and slingers. These fulfilled the central battlefield role of earlier heavy infantry, using ranged weapons instead of melee weapons. Infantry units are trained to quickly mobilise, infiltrate, enter and neutralise threat forces when appropriate combat intelligence indicates to secure a location, rescue or capture high-profile targets. The needs of the infantryman to maintain fitness and effectiveness must be constantly balanced against being overburdened. They also have a number of other, specialist roles. [29], Some infantry units are considered Special Forces. Heavy infantry, such as Greek hoplites, Macedonian phalangites, and Roman legionaries, specialised in dense, solid formations driving into the main enemy lines, using weight of numbers to achieve a decisive victory, and were usually equipped with heavier weapons and armour to fit their role. This is one of the most important roles for the modern infantry, particularly when operating alongside armoured vehicles. Regiment definition, a unit of ground forces, consisting of two or more battalions or battle groups, a headquarters unit, and certain supporting units. These infantry units typically are known for their stealth and ability to operate for periods of time within close proximity of the enemy without being detected. soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot; a branch of an army composed of these soldiers; an infantry regiment or division… See the full definition To maximise their firepower, musketeer infantry were trained to fight in wide lines facing the enemy, creating line infantry. The infantry must maintain their cohesion and readiness during the move to ensure their usefulness when they reach their objective. But this changed sometime before recorded history; the first ancient empires (2500–1500 BC) are shown to have some soldiers with standardised military equipment, and the training and discipline required for battlefield formations and manoeuvres: regular infantry. Learn more. An infantryman's equipment is of vital concern both for the man and the military. Infantry with ranged or pole weapons often carried a sword or dagger for possible hand-to-hand combat. [27], Because of an infantryman's duties with firearms, explosives, physical and emotional stress, and physical violence, casualties and deaths are not uncommon in both war and in peacetime training or operations. This includes shields, helmets and many types of armour – padded linen, leather, lamellar, mail, plate, and kevlar. Effective defence relies on minimising losses to enemy fire, breaking the enemy's cohesion before their advance is completed, and preventing enemy penetration of defensive positions. With many places for the enemy to hide and ambush from, infantry units must be trained in how to enter a city, and systematically clear the buildings, which most likely will be booby trapped, in order to kill or capture enemy personnel within the city. 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